WHEREAS, the Continental Congress 2009 (CC2009) was convened to defend, and not amend, the Constitution for the United States of America; and

WHEREAS, the CC 2009 has examined, among other things, the Constitutional requirements for the office of the President as originally and precisely articulated in Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution:

“No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President”; and

WHEREAS, the CC2009 finds that Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution requires a specific class of citizenship to be eligible to hold the office of the President, as indicated by the fact that Article II includes two adjectives before the first use of the word ‘Citizen’, but not in front of the second ‘Citizen’; and

WHEREAS, the CC 2009 finds that Article II has not been amended to alter or change these words, nor their meaning, and that no Federal Court has ruled on the direct meaning of this clause; and

WHEREAS, the CC2009 finds that until the Supreme Court rules on the natural born citizen eligibility clause, or the Congress and the Several States amend the Constitution, the acceptable definition of ‘natural born citizen’ is derived from that body of law referred to as the ‘Law of Nations’, referenced in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution; and

WHEREAS, the reference to the Law of Nations in Article I is a direct recognition that the Founders respected this body of law; and

WHEREAS, in writing about that body of law, Emmich Vattel defined a natural born citizen:

“To be a natural born citizen means one must be born on the soil of parents who themselves are citizens.” (See Emmich Vattel, 1797. The Law of Nations, Book 1, Chapter XIX, pp 103-104; London).

WHEREAS, the CC2009 further finds that the term ‘natural born Citizen,’ as specified only for the office of the President, is chiefly concerned that the President have a singular allegiance to the United States of America; and

WHEREAS, the CC2009 finds that the natural born citizen clause does not establish a superior form of citizenship, but instead establishes a national security safeguard against foreign invasion of the White House and takeover of the United States Armed Forces; and

WHEREAS, the CC2009 finds that the life, liberty, and property interests of Americans could be irrevocably injured, harmed, and threatened should a foreign national or
one with split allegiance usurp the office of the Presidency; and

WHEREAS, the CC 2009 further finds that no regular or established administrative mechanism exists at any level to ensure that the President meets the eligibility requirements of Article II; and

WHEREAS, the CC2009 finds that there is an immediate need to establish such a mechanism,


Learn more about the subject matter of this Article. Read the NATURAL BORN CITIZEN Clause.  Read the PETITION for Redress of Grievances Regarding Mr. Obama’s Eligibility (Open Letter published in the Chicago Tribune on December 1 and 3, 2008).


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